The recently conducted “written test” of Patent Agent Examination on October 28, 2018 has witnessed more aspirants to become patent agents (the qualified candidates from this written test will be called for viva-voce after about a month). An indication of the rising awareness of patenting in India, together with the India Patent Office’ effort to issue the First Examination Report (FER) in shorter time with improved quality of examination of patent applications, and ensuring the final disposal of patent applications faster than before.
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Further Reading: Requirements and Qualifications related to India Patent Agent Examination
Important Sections and Rules of India Patent Office for Patent Agent including Patent Agent Examination
|Qualifications for registration as patent agents|
|(1) A person shall be qualified to have his name entered in the register of patent agents if he fulfils the following conditions, namely:-|
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), a person who has been registered as a patent agent before the commencement of the Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005 shall be entitled to continue to be, or when required to be re-registered, as a patent agent, on payment of the fees as may be prescribed.
|Particulars to be contained in the register of patent agents|
|(1) The register of patent agents maintained under section 125 shall contain the name, nationality, address of the principal place of business, addresses of branch offices, if any, the qualifications, the date of registration of every registered patent agent and the details of their renewal of registration and any other particulars so specified by the Controller.|
(2) Where the register of patent agents is in computer floppies, diskettes or any other electronic form, it shall be maintained and accessed only by the person who is duly authorised by the Controller and no entry or alteration of any entry or rectification of any entry in the said register shall be made by any person who is not so authorised by the Controller.
(3) (i) Copies of register of patent agents shall be maintained in each of the branch offices;
(ii) The register of patent agents shall also contain specimen signatures and photographs of the persons registered as patent agents.
|Application for registration of patent agents|
|(1) Every person who desires to be registered as a patent agent shall make an application in Form 22.|
(2) The applicant shall furnish such other information as may be required by the Controller.
(3) A person desirous to appear in the qualifying examination under rule 110 shall make a request to the Controller along with the fee specified in the First Schedule after announcement of such examination and within the period as may be specified in the announcement.
|Particulars of the qualifying examination for patent agents|
|(1) The qualifying examination referred to in clause (c) (ii) of sub-section (1) of section 126 shall consist of a written test and a viva voce examination.|
(2) The qualifying examination shall consist of the following papers and marks, namely:
Paper I -Patents Act and Rules 100 marks
Paper II-Drafting and interpretation of patent specifications and other documents 100 marks
Viva Voce 50 marks
(3) A candidate shall be required to secure a minimum of fifty marks in paper I and paper II and shall be declared to have passed the examination only, if he obtains an aggregate of sixty percent of the total marks.
|Registration of patent agents|
|After a candidate passes the qualifying examination specified in rule 110 and after obtaining any further information which the Controller considers necessary he shall, on receipt of the fee specified therefor in the First Schedule, enter the candidate’s name in the register of patent agents and issue to him a certificate of registration as a patent agent.|
|Details to be included in an application for the registration of a patent agent|
|An application by a person entitled to be registered as a patent agent under sub-section (2) of section 126 shall also be made in Form 22.|
|Registration of patent agents under section 126 (2)|
|On receipt of an application for the registration of a person as a patent agent under rule 112, the Controller may if he is satisfied that the said person fulfils the conditions specified in sub-section (2) of section 126 enter his name in the register of patent agents.|
|Disqualifications for registration as a patent agent|
|A person shall not be eligible to be registered as a patent agent, if he-|
(i) has been adjudged by a competent court to be of unsound mind;
(ii) is an undischarged insolvent;
(iii) being a discharged insolvent, has not obtained from the court a certificate to the effect that his insolvency was caused by misfortune without any misconduct on his part;
(iv) has been convicted by a competent court, whether within or outside India of an offence to undergo a term of imprisonment, unless the offence of which he has been convicted has been pardoned or unless on an application made by him, the Central Government has, by order in this behalf, removed the disability;
(v) being a legal practitioner has been guilty of professional misconduct; or
(vi) being a chartered accountant, has been guilty of negligence or misconduct.
|Payment of fees|
|The continuance of a person’s name in the register of patent agents shall be subject to the payment of the fees specified therefor in the First Schedule.|
|Removal of a name from the register of patent agents|
|(1) The Controller may delete from the register of patent agents, the name of any patent agent-|
(a) from whom a request has been received to that effect; or
(b) when he is dead; or
(c) when the Controller has removed the name of a person under sub¬section (1) of section 130; or
(d) if he has defaulted in the payment of fees specified in rule 115, by more than three months after they are due; or
(e) if he ceases to be a citizen of India:
(2) The removal of the name of any person from the register of patent agents shall be published and shall be, where relevant forthwith communicated to the person concerned.
|Restoration of name of persons removed from the register of patent agents|
|(1) An application for the restoration of the name of any person removed from the register of patent agents under sub-section (2) of section130 shall be made in Form 23 within two months from the date of such removal.|
(2) If the name of a person is restored to the register of patent agents, his name shall be continued therein for a period of one year from the date on which his last annual fee became due.
(3) The restoration of a name to the register of patent agents shall be communicated to the patent agent and also published on the official website.
|Alteration of names, etc., in the register of patent agents|
|(1) A patent agent may apply for the alteration of his name, address of the principal place of business and branch offices, if any, or the qualifications entered in the register of patent agents, e-mail address, telephone number, fax number or any other particulars under sub-section(1) of section 125. On receipt of such application and the fee specified therefor in the First Schedule for such request for alteration of particulars, the Controller shall cause the necessary alterations to be made in the register of patent agents.|
(2) Every alteration made in the register of patent agents shall be published.
|Refusal to recognise as patent agent|
|If the Controller is of the opinion that any person should not be recognised as a patent agent in respect of any business under the Act as provided in sub-section (1) of section 131 thereof, he shall communicate his reasons to that person and direct him to show cause why he should not refuse to recognise him as such agent, within such time as he may allow, and after considering the reply, if any, of that person and giving hum an opportunity of being heard, the Controller may pass such orders as he may deem fit.|
|Publication of the names of patent agents, registered under the Act|
|The names and addresses of persons registered as patent agents shall from time to time be published.|